Santangeli A, Weigel B, Antão L, Kaarlejärvi E, Hällfors M, Lehikoinen A, Lindén A, Salemaa M, Tonteri T, Merilä P, Vuorio K, Ovaskainen O, Vanhatalo J, Roslin T & Saastamoinen M, 2023: Mixed effects of a national protected area network on terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity. Nature Communications, 5426.

Becker-Scarpitta A, Antão LH, Schmidt NM, Blanchet FG, Kaarlejärvi E, Raundrup K & Roslin T, 2023: Diverging trends and drivers of Arctic flower production in Greenland over space and time. Polar Biology, 46: 837–848.

García Criado M, et al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2023: Plant traits poorly predict winner and loser shrub species in a warming tundra biome. Nature Communications, 3837.

Post E, Kaarlejärvi E, Macias-Fauria M, Watts DA, Sporon Bøving P, Cahoon SMP, Higgins RC, John C, Kerby JT, Post M & Sullivan P, 2023: Large herbivore diversity slows sea ice–associated decline in arctic tundra diversity. Science, 380:1282-1287. 

Pichon NA, Kaarlejärvi E & Eskelinen A, 2023: Seed limitation interacts with biotic and abiotic factors to constrain novel species’ impact on community biomass and richness. Ecology Letters, 26:908-918. 


Antão L, Weigel B, et al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2022: Climate change reshuffles northern species within their niches. Nature Climate Change, 12:587-592.

Barrio I, Barbero Palacios L, Kaarlejärvi E, Speed J, Heiðmarsson S, Hik D & Soininen E, 2022: What are the effects of herbivore diversity on tundra ecosystems? A systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence, 11: 1-11.

Lindén E, et al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2022: Circum-Arctic distribution of chemical anti-herbivore compounds suggests biome-wide trade-off in defence strategies in Arctic shrubs. Ecography, 12:587-592.


Kaarlejärvi E, et al. 2022: Temporal biodiversity change following disturbance varies along an environmental gradient. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30: 476-489.

Happonen K, Muurinen L, Virtanen R, Kaakinen E, Grytnes JA, Kaarlejärvi E, Parisot P, Wolff M, Maliniemi T, 2021: Trait-based responses to land use and canopy dynamics modify long-term diversity changes in forest understories. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 30: 1863-1875.

Soininen E, et al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2021: Location of studies and evidence of effects of herbivory on Arctic vegetation: a systematic map. Environmental Evidence, 10:1-21.


Jessen M, Kaarlejärvi E, Olofsson J & Eskelinen A, 2020: Mammalian herbivory shapes intraspecific trait responses to warmer climate and nutrient enrichment. Global Change Biology, 26: 6742-6752.

Thomas H & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2020: Global plant trait relationships extend to the climatic extremes of the tundra biome. Nature Communications, 11:1-12.

Epstein et al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2020: Spatial patterns of arctic tundra vegetation properties on different soils along the Eurasia Arctic Transect, and insights for a changing Arctic. Environmental Research Letters, 16, 014008.


Ylänne H, Kaarlejärvi E, & al., 2019: Removal of grazers alters the response of tundra soil carbon to warming and enhanced nitrogen availability. Ecological Monographs, e01396.

Bjorkman A & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2019: Changes in plant functional traits across a warming tundra biome. Nature, 562: 57–62.


Thomas HJD & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2018: Traditional plant functional groups explain variation in economic but not size-related traits across the tundra biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 28:78-95.

Bjorkman A & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2018: Tundra Trait Team: A database of plant traits spanning the tundra biome. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 27:1402-1411.

Walker DA & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2018: Vegetation on mesic loamy and sandy soils along a 1700‐km maritime Eurasia Arctic Transect. Applied Vegetation Science, 22:150-167.


Kaarlejärvi E, Eskelinen A & Olofsson J, 2017: Herbivores rescue diversity in warming tundra by modulating trait-dependent species losses and gains, Nature Communications 8: 419.

Eskelinen A., Kaarlejärvi E. & Olofsson J, 2017: Herbivory and nutrient limitation protect warming tundra from lowland species’ invasion and diversity loss. Global Change Biology, 23, 245–255.

Barrio I & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2017: Background invertebrate herbivory on dwarf birch (Betula glandulosa-nana complex) increases with temperature and precipitation across the tundra biome. Polar Biology, 40: 2265–2278.


Uboni A & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2016: Long-term trends and role of climate in the population dynamics of Eurasian reindeer. PLoS ONE, 11(6): e0158359.


Kaarlejärvi E, Hoset K. & Olofsson J, 2015: Mammalian herbivores confer resilience of Arctic shrub-dominated ecosystems to changing climate. Global Change Biology, 21: 3379–3388.


Väisänen M, & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2014: Consequences of warming on tundra carbon balance determined by reindeer grazing history. Nature Climate Change, 4: 384–388.

Kaarlejärvi E & Olofsson J, 2014: Concurrent biotic interactions influence plant performance at their altitudinal distribution margins. Oikos, 123: 943–952.

Väisänen M, Martz F, Kaarlejärvi E, Julkunen-Tiitto R & Stark S, 2014: Phenolic responses of mountain crowberry (Empetrum nigrum hermaphroditum) to global climate change are compound specific and depend on grazing by reindeer (Rangifer tarandus). Journal of Chemical Ecology, 39:1390–1399.


Kaarlejärvi E, Eskelinen A, & Olofsson J, 2013: Herbivory prevents lowland plants benefiting from warmer and more fertile conditions at high altitudes. Functional Ecology, 27: 1244–1253.


Kaarlejärvi & al., 2012: Effects of warming on shrub abundance and chemistry drive ecosystem-level changes in a forest–tundra ecotone. Ecosystems, 15: 1219-1233.

Kivinen S, Kaarlejärvi E, Jylhä K & Räisänen J, 2012: Spatiotemporal distribution of threatened high-latitude snowbed and snow patch habitats in warming climate. Environmental Research Letters, 7: 034024.


Kumpula T, Pajunen A, Kaarlejärvi E, Forbes BC & Stammler F, 2011: Land use and land cover change in Arctic Russia: Ecological and social implications of industrial development. Global Environmetal Change, 21:550-562.


Pajunen AM, Kaarlejärvi E, Forbes BC & Virtanen R, 2009: Compositional differentiation, vegetation-environment relationships and classification of willow-characterised vegetation in the western Eurasian Arctic. Journal of Vegetation Science, 21: 107–119.

Forbes BC & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2009: High resilience in the Yamal-Nenets social–ecological system, West Siberian Arctic, Russia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106: 22041-22048.

Walker DA & al. including Kaarlejärvi E, 2009: Spatial and temporal patterns of greenness on the Yamal Peninsula, Russia: interactions of ecological and social factors affecting Arctic NDVI. Environmental Research Letters, 4: 045004.

Tanasevitch AV, Koponen S & Kaarlejärvi E, 2009: Small collection of spiders (Aranei) from the Polar Urals and Yamal Peninsula, Russia. Arthropoda Selecta, 17:185-190.